University of Salamanca
The University of Salamanca is located in the historic center of the city and was founded between 1425 and 1433. The building is considered one of the most beautiful universities in the world, mainly because of its facade architecture. Many tourists try to find on its facade a “frog”, a symbol of luck for both students and tourists. There are several theories as to why it is there, but what is certain is that the University of Salamanca, one of the oldest universities in the world, is also considered one of the most impressive and stunning buildings in the country.
One of the largest squares in Spain, the Plaza Mayor is the heart of the bustling city. It was built in two phases and finally completed in 1755. The Plaza is considered one of the most beautiful in the country and its baroque architecture and intricate decorations are a sight to behold. Small stores and restaurants are scattered around the busy plaza and in the evening’s musical groups provide entertainment. Along with the University of Salamanca, the Plaza Mayor is considered the emblem of the city and has been declared a National Monument. Stroll around the square and watch the countless crowds pass by while soaking up the Spanish atmosphere.
Casa de las Conchas
The historic Casa de las Conchas was built by Rodrigo Arias de Maldonado, a knight of the Order of Santiago de Compostela, and was completed in 1517. The building’s curious facade, decorated with more than 300 shells, attracts many visitors. The architecture is mainly Gothic with Renaissance and Mudejar elements. It is worth venturing through its doors to inspect the restored courtyard and take a closer look at the skillful workmanship. Although it served as Maldonado’s palace in the 16th century, today the House of Shells houses the public library and an information office.
Art Nouveau and Deco Museum
The exceptional Art Nouveau y Deco Museum is one of the most renowned in the region and offers artistic masterpieces from the 19th and 20th centuries. Artifacts range from impressive collections of paintings, sculptures, ceramics, and art deco pieces. The stunning building was originally a private palace and was eventually opened as a museum in 1995. The intricate glasswork and light fixtures make it one of the most impressive architectural constructions in the country. The museum features the largest collection of porcelain dolls in the world, and its chryselephantine figurines and glassworks are particularly noteworthy.
The Old and New Cathedral
The impressive New Cathedral of Salamanca stands next to the Old Cathedral and its construction began in the 15th century and lasted until the 18th. It is considerably larger than its historic counterpart and is one of Spain’s most impressive examples of Gothic architecture, while also featuring Baroque and Renaissance elements. The Old Cathedral can be accessed through the New Cathedral and was completed in the 14th century in Romanesque design. Although both represent different architectural styles, they are nevertheless in harmony with each other. Visitors can climb the towers and stroll along the battlements, which offer a breathtaking panorama over the city.